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Konu: Toefl Vocabulary

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    Toefl Vocabulary

    Below is a list of words that often appear on theTOEFL test. The underlined sections of a word provide links to definitions of that word's respective roots, prefixes and suffixes. Sentences are provided as examples of word usage.


    A

    act, ag
    react (verb): to act in response to something
    re + act
    How did he react when he heard the news?
    agent (noun): something which acts or acts upon something else


    ag + ent
    The travel agent helped her purchase the tickets.
    active (adjective): involving movement, moving about
    act + ive
    Joan is an active child.
    agitate (verb): to excite, to disturb, to stir up
    agit + ate
    The washing machine agitates the load of laundry.


    aud, audit, aur
    audible ( adjective): can be heard
    aud + ible
    Your voice is barely audible over the sound of the train whistle.
    auditorium (noun): a place where one goes to hear something
    audit+ orium
    The band played in the school auditorium
    auricular
    aur + ic + ul + ar
    The auricular ability of the cat is well-known.


    am, ami
    amorous (adjective): loving
    amor + ous
    The actor played an amorous role.
    amiable (adjective) friendly, agreeable
    ami + able
    He seems to be an amiable man.
    amicable (adjective): friendly
    amic + able
    The two neighbors came to an amicable decision about the fence.


    anim
    animal (noun): a living creature
    anim + al
    A dog is an animal.
    animate (verb): to give spirit or support, to supply movement
    anim + ate
    The artist animated the cartoon.
    animosity (noun): hostility, ill will
    animos + ity
    There isn't any animosity between us.


    ann, annu, enni
    annals (noun): record of events, historical records
    ann + al + s
    The annals of the organization are kept in notebooks.
    annual (adjective): yearly
    annu + al
    She is planning on going to the company's annual meeting.
    annuity (noun): money payable yearly
    annu + ity
    Joan is going to invest her annuity in the stock market.
    anniversary (noun): the yearly celebration of an event
    anni + vers + ary
    John's parents will celebrate their wedding anniversary in April.
    perrenial (adjective): enduring, persisting for several years
    per + enn + ial
    I would like to buy some perrenial plants.


    auc, aug, aut
    author (noun): one that originates or creates, a writer
    auth + or
    Susan met the author of this book.
    augment (verb): to increase, to add to
    aug + ment
    He had to augment his salary by taking another job.
    auction (noun): a sale of goods to the highest bidder
    auct + ion
    I bought this car at the auction.


    B

    bene
    benevolent (adjective): marked by goodwill
    bene + vol + ent
    The "Salvation Army" is known as a benevolent society for its acts of charity.
    benign (adjective): harmless, mild, gentle
    ben + ign
    The doctor removed a benign tumor from my neck and I went home the same day.


    biblio
    bibliography (noun): a list of written works
    biblio + graph + y
    Olaf listed a brief bibliography at the end of his paper.


    bio, bi
    biology (noun): the study of life
    bio + log + y
    In biology class the students learned about how the human body works.


    brev
    brief (adjective): short
    brief
    Anand gave a brief lecture on the rain forest.
    abbreviate (verb): to shorten
    ab + brevi + ate
    How does one abbreviate the word "Minnesota"?
    brevity (noun): short or concise expression
    brev + ity
    The politician gave short speeches and he became known for his brevity.



    C

    cad, cap, cas, ceiv, cept, cid
    deceive (verb): to cause or allow someone to believe something is true when it is actually false; to mislead
    de + ceive
    The criminal deceived many people into believing she was honest.
    capable (adjective): having the ability to do something; having the traits necessary to perform some action
    cap + able
    Jose is a very capable lawyer.
    capacious (adective): containing a great deal
    capac + ious
    You have a capacious library with many unusual books.
    captive (noun, adjective): a person held against his or her own will; held prisoner
    cap+ tive
    The captives were taken to the jail.
    Geoff had a captive audience.
    accident (noun): an unplanned event
    ac + cid + ent
    Don't get upset about minor accidents and errors.
    capture (verb): to gain control of, to gain by effort
    capt + ure
    In the game of chess, the object is to capture the king.
    occasion (noun): an opportunity; a happening, instance or celebration
    oc + cas + ion
    Did you have an occasion to speak with your professor?
    receive (verb): to take in, to acquire
    re + ceive
    Imelda received many letters in the mail today.
    concept (noun): an idea
    con + cept
    The concept of using computers in the classroom is relatively new.


    ceas, cede, ceed, cess
    predecessor (noun): a person who has previously occupied a position that another has taken over
    pre + de + cess + or
    I hope I can live up to my predecessor's reputation.
    succeed (verb): to follow after another, to do well
    suc + ceed
    To succeed as a student, one must study.
    recede (verb): to move back, to withdraw
    re + cede
    The water receded five days after the flood.
    concede (verb): to accept as true, to yield, to allow
    con + cede
    I conceded to her point of view.
    exceed (verb): to go beyond a limit, to be greater than
    ex + ceed
    The driver exceeded the speed limit by ten miles an hour.
    recess (noun): an indentation, a temporary break
    re + cess
    The children were given a recess from the lessons.
    deceased (adjective): dead
    de + ceas + ed
    The deceased person will be cremated rather than buried.


    chron
    chronic (adjective): marked by a long period of time, recurrence
    chron + ic
    Gabrielle has a chronic back disorder and cannot lift heavy objects.
    chronicle (noun): a historical account arranged in order of time
    chron + icle
    The teacher asked us to read a chronicle on the Revolutionary War.
    chronological (adjective): arranged in order of time
    chrono + log + ical
    The text book listed the presidents in chronological order.


    clam, claim
    acclaim (verb): praise
    ac + claim
    The restaurant is acclaimed for its desserts.
    exclaim (verb): to speak loudly, to cry out in surprise
    ex + claim
    The children exclaimed "hurray" when they heard there would be no classes tomorrow.
    clamor (noun, verb): n. noise, v. to make noise
    clam + or
    The children clamored for more ice cream.
    proclaim (verb): to declare loudly
    pro + claim
    The president of the university proclaimed March 21 to be a holiday in honor of the school's award winning faculty.


    cogn, gnos
    cognizant (adjective): aware
    cogniz + ant
    The man was cognizant of the danger of walking through the park at night.
    diagnose (verb): to recognize (diseases) by symptoms
    dia + gnose
    The patient was diagnosed with Lyme's disease.
    agnostic (noun): one who believes that any ultimate reality is unknowable
    ag + gnost + ic
    John is unsure of the reality of god and considers himself to be an agnostic.
    recognize (verb): to know, to identify
    re + cogn + ize
    I thought I recognized your face from somewhere.


    corp
    corpse (noun): a dead body
    corpse
    A corpse was found floating in the river.
    corpulent (adjective): having a large body
    corp + ul + ent
    The corpulent politician jabbed a fat finger in the air.
    incorporate (verb): to unite into one being
    in + corp + or + ate
    The artist incorporated paint, photographs, and fabric into her artwork.
    corporate (adjective): formed into a body or association, united in one group
    corp + or + ate
    The corporate structure allowed many people to work as a group.


    cre, cresc, cret
    crescent (noun, adjective): a narrow curved shape; a quarter moon or smaller
    cresc + ent
    The crescent moon could be glimpsed through the clouds.
    create (verb): to originate, to produce through imagination
    cre + ate
    The musician created a new musical arrangement.
    accretion (verb): growth by gradual addition
    ac + cret + ion
    The accretion of dirt on windows is sometimes hard to detect.
    increase (verb): to grow in size or amount
    in + crease Alfonse wishes he could find a way to increase his salary.


    cred
    credible (adjective): can be believed, reasonable
    cred + ible
    The witness gave a credible account of the accident.
    credulous (adjective): too ready to believe
    cred + ul + ous
    The credulous child believed the story about flying horses.
    incredible (adjective): unbelievable, amazing
    in + cred + ible
    Makiko said she just saw an incredible horror movie.


    cour, cur, curr, curs
    excursion (noun): a trip
    ex + curs + ion
    The father planned an excursion to the zoo for his children.
    discourse (noun, verb): a conversation, to talk
    dis + course
    The discourse between the speaker and the audience was informal.
    courier (noun): a messenger
    couri + er
    The courier gave the message to the secretary.
    course (noun, verb): forward movement, movement from point to point; to run along a path
    course
    Blood courses through your veins with every beat of your heart.
    occur (verb): to happen, to come to mind
    oc + cur
    It just occurred to me that tomorrow is your birthday.
    current (adjective, noun): happening now, up to date; the movement of water
    curr + ent
    Is this information current or out of date?

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    Ynt: Toefl Vocabulary

    D

    dic, dict, dit
    dictionary (noun): a book of definitions
    dict + ion + ary
    Juliana looked up the word in the dictionary.
    condition (noun): the state of something or someone
    con + dit + ion
    Is your car in good condition?
    indicate (verb): to show, to point out
    in + dic + ate
    The gas gauge indicates that we are almost out of gas.
    dictate (verb): to speak for a person to record, to issue an order
    dict + ate
    The lawyer dictated the letter to her secretary.
    predict (verb): to say what will happen in the future
    pre + dict
    Joseph predicts that he will get married in ten years.
    addict (verb): to be devoted to something in an obsessive manner
    ad + dict
    Leslie is addicted to betting on the horse races.


    doc, doct
    doctor (noun): a person who has received the highest degree a university offers, a physician
    doct + or
    Andre is going to medical school so that he can be a doctor like his mother.
    doctrine (noun): something that is taught, dogma
    doctr + ine
    We learned about the doctrine of "manifest destiny" in our American history class.
    docile (adjective): obedient, easily taught
    doc + ile
    Mrs. Galindez wants to buy a docile dog for her son.
    document (noun): an official paper
    docu + ment
    The library houses many government documents in its collection.


    dog, dox
    orthodox (adjective): holding conventional beliefs
    ortho + dox
    I don't know if my interpretation of that book is orthodox or not.
    dogma (noun): an established opinion
    dog + ma
    Some people find the dogma associated with that organization disturbing.
    paradox (noun): a statement that seems to contradict itself but contains some truth
    para + dox
    The paradox of the matter is that I want to see the opera but I also want to stay home.


    dec, dign
    decorate (verb): to make something look attractive or suitable
    dec + or + ate
    Linda decorated her apartment with paintings and plants.
    decent (adjective): conforming to standards, good, kind
    dec + ent
    This magazine contains a decent article on home improvement.
    dignity (noun): quality of being worthy, noble, honored
    dign + ity
    I haven't yet had the dignity and honor of being grand marshall of the parade.


    duc, duct
    conduct (verb, noun): v. to lead or guide, n. a person's behavior
    con + duct
    Jared was conducted into the doctor's office by the nurse.
    Arnelle's conduct was inexcusable and she should apologize to the class.
    educate (verb): to train, to provide schooling for
    e + duc + ate
    The school tries to educate its students to be productive members of society.
    induct (verb): to install in office or to enroll in military service
    in + duct
    Mindy was inducted into the army last month.
    deduct (verb): to subtract
    de + duct
    The salesperson deducted five dollars off the purchase price of the radio.
    deduce (verb): to make a decision or draw a conclusion by reasoning
    de + duce
    I deduced from the trail of crumbs and the empty milk carton that the children were home.
    produce (verb, noun): to bring forward, to make to bear or yield; something made or grown
    pro + duce
    The lawyer produced new evidence at the trial.
    The produce from the farm will go to the market next week.
    seduce (verb): to persuade (especially into doing something wrong), to tempt
    se + duce
    Money and power have been known to seduce many honest people.
    induce (verb): to persuade, cause, or bring about by artificial means.
    in + duce
    If a child swallows poison, it is suggested that vomiting should be induced.




    E

    ev, et
    eternal (adjective): not effected by time, without beginning or end, ceaseless
    etern + al
    The lecture seemed eternal and many in the audience had fallen asleep.
    medieval (adjective): relating to the Middle Ages (500 - 1500 AD)
    med + ieval
    There are many styles to medieval architecture and a building built in 500 AD looks different from one built in 1000 AD.


    F

    fict, feign, fain
    faint (adjective, verb): indistinct, not clearly perceived, weak; to lose consciousness from lack of blood to the brain
    faint
    There is a faint odor of apples in this room.
    Some people faint at the sight of blood.
    feign (verb): to pretend
    feign
    The child feigned illness in an attempt to avoid the test.
    fiction (noun): something produce from imagination, an invented story
    fict + ion
    The excuse Marvin just gave for not doing his homework is pure fiction.


    fig
    effigy (noun): a figure representing a disliked person.
    e f + fig + y
    The children made an effigy of their nasty neighbor.
    figure (noun): shape, pattern, drawing
    fig + ure
    The figure Louise drew on the paper looks nothing like an apple.
    figment (noun): a thing that does not exist, something made up
    fig + ment
    Ghosts and monsters are figments of an active imagination.


    fac, fact, fec, fic, fas, fea
    fashion (noun, verb): the form of something, style; to give shape or form to
    fash + ion
    The current fashion is hair worn short.
    feasible (adjective): capable of being done
    feas + ible
    The engineer thought that building the bridge across the river was a feasible project.
    feature (noun, verb): the appearance or form of a person or object; to picture or portray
    feat + ure
    Lisette's best feature is her eyes.
    factory (noun): a place where things are made or built
    fact + ory
    There is a boat factory near the river.
    difficult (adjective): hard to do, troublesome, hard to understand
    di + fic + ult
    The test was difficult and I answered only eight of the ten questions.
    fact (noun): something known to be true
    fact
    It's a fact that the world is round.
    effect (noun): a change caused by something, a result, influence
    e + fect
    The sun's effect on human skin is known to be harmful.


    fer
    fertile (adjective): productive, bearing or capable of bearing fruit in large quantities
    fert + ile
    The land by the river is quite fertile and many crops are grown there.
    refer (verb): to classify within a general category, to send or direct to another source
    re + fer
    The patient was referred to a physical therapist for additional treatment.
    infer (verb): to come to a conclusion from facts or ideas, to guess
    in + fer
    Sometimes a reader has to infer from the facts presented in an article what the main idea is about.


    fid
    diffident (adjective): hesitant in acting, shy
    dif + fid + ent
    The diffident student would not speak in front of the class.
    fidelity (noun): the quality of being faithful, accuracy
    fid + el + ity
    The fidelity of this video reproduction is quite good.
    confide (verb): to trust, to trust another person with a secret
    con + fide
    Joan confided in her friend and told her a secret.


    flu, fluct, flux
    fluent (adjective): capable of moving with ease, able to speak another language
    flu + ent
    The dancer had a fluent body.
    Juanita is fluent in several languages.
    superfluous (adjective): extra, more than is needed
    super + flu + ous
    Three cherries on my piece of cake is superfluous; I only needed one.
    influence (verb, noun): to have an effect on something; the ability to affect something indirectly
    in + flu + ence
    It was John's success as a musician that influenced my decision to take guitar lessons.
    fluid (adjective): capable of flowing, a smooth style, liquid
    flu + id
    The ink my new pen is quite fluid and flows evenly across the page.
    fluctuate (verb): to shift back and forth, to move erratically
    fluctu + ate
    My body temperature has been fluctuating all day -- sometimes I'm hot and sometimes I'm cold.


    form
    format (noun): the shape and size of something, the arrangement of something
    form + at
    The format of this class will be half lecture and half class participation.
    formulate (verb): to prepare from a set of steps (formula), to devise
    form + ul + ate
    The chemist formulated a new way of making dish detergent.


    fract, frag, frai
    fracture (verb, noun): to break, to crack; a broken bone
    fract + ure Miguel fractured arm his while skiing.
    fragment (noun): a piece broken off, a part of something
    frag + ment
    It bothers me that I can remember only a fragment of the poem rather than the whole piece.
    frail (adjective): easily broken, not strong
    frail
    Be careful! That chair is frail


    G

    gen, gin
    generally (adverb): in a general manner, usually, with regard to the whole not specifics
    gen + er + al + ly
    Generally, Lance leaves work at 5:00 p.m.
    gingerly (adverb, adjective): careful
    gin + ger + ly
    Paulette picked up the antique vase gingerly and placed it on the shelf.
    indigenous (adjective): native, having been born in a specific area or environment
    in + di + gen + ous
    The tomato plant is indigenous to South America.


    ge
    geography (noun): a science that describes the earth's surface
    geo + graph + y
    The geography of New York varies from the sandy shores to rocky mountains.


    gor
    categorize (verb): to place things in classes or sets, to classify
    cate + gor + ize
    The professor asked her students to categorize the plants they found.


    grad, gress, gree
    grade (noun): a stage in a process, a mark indicating quality
    grade
    Ali hopes to receive a passing grade on his midterm exam.
    progress (verb, noun): to move forward; forward movement
    pro + gress
    Mina progressed to the next level in her French language program.
    There hasn't been much progress made in getting the house built -- only the frame is up.
    degree (noun): a step or stage in a process, a rank, a level of intensity
    de + gree
    There is a high degree of stress associated with being a police officer.


    graph, graf
    graphic (adjective): written, drawn, vividly shown
    graph + ic
    Dominic is planning to study graphic art.
    graffitti (noun): drawings or writing on a wall
    graph + itti
    Many people find the graffitti on the subway trains disturbing.


    H

    her, hes
    adhere (verb): to stick
    ad + here
    Paper often adheres to wet surfaces.
    hesitate (verb): to hold back a decision, to waver
    hesit + ate
    Don't hesitate to call me if you need help.

  3. #3
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    Ynt: Toefl Vocabulary

    J

    jac, ject, jet
    adjacent (adjective): to lie next to
    ad + jac + ent
    You won't have a long walk between classes because the engineering building is adjacent to the chemistry laboratories.
    jettison (verb): to throw away, to cast off
    jett + ison
    The captain of the sinking ship jettisoned the cargo.
    reject (verb): to throw out, unwilling to accept
    re + ject
    David was rejected by two schools before he found a school that accepted him.


    jug, junct, just
    adjust (verb): to change or adapt to fit or match something
    ad + just
    Jared has to adjust to his new work schedule.
    conjugal (adjective): of marriage, marital relationship
    con + jug + al
    One should think seriously before entering a conjugal relationship.
    junction (noun): the place at which two things join
    junct + ion
    Deborah's house is at the junction of Hill and Maple streets.




    L

    lex, leg
    college (noun): a school for higher learning, a group of people having a common purpose
    col + lege
    Yolanda is going to college to become a lawyer.
    legal (adjective, noun): based on law; conforms to law
    leg + al
    Jared is working as a legal secretary for two lawyers in New York
    Is it legal to own fireworks in Massachusetts or is there a law against them?
    league (noun): a group of people, an association
    leag + ue
    There are fifty people participating in the bowling league.


    lect
    collect (verb): to gather, to bring together
    col + lect
    The little girl collected wildflowers for her mother.
    legible (noun): readible, clear enough to read
    leg + ible
    His handwriting is quite legible.
    eligible (adjective): qualified, worthy to be chosen
    e + lig + ible
    Now that Geoffrey is eighteen he is eligible to vote.


    loc
    locally (adverb): nearby, relative to a certain area
    loc + al + ly
    The vegetables are grown locally.


    log
    logic (noun): the study of reason
    log + ic
    Simone is taking a class in logic and she is learning about how to reason.


    luc
    translucent (adjective): allowing some light to shine through
    trans + luc + ent
    The sheet of paper is translucent when held close to a lightbulb.
    illuminate (verb): to provide with light, to make lighter, to make clear
    il + lum + in + ate
    The lamp illuminates the room.
    illustrate (verb): to explain by using pictorial examples, to show by using visual examples
    il + lustr + ate
    Christopher illustrated his idea on piece of paper for everyone to see.


    M

    man
    management (noun): the act of handling or running something, usually a business.
    man + age + ment
    This store is under new management.


    mem
    commemorate (verb): to remember an important event through ceremony or observation
    com + mem + or + ate
    The American Revolution is commemorated every Fourth of July.
    memory (noun): the ability to recall past events
    mem + or + y
    Geanine has an excellent memory and she can recall things that happened years ago.


    ment
    mental (adjective): related to the mind
    ment + al
    Lauren's mental abilities must be quite good if she achieved a perfect score without even studying.
    mention (verb): to cite, to speak about, to refer to
    ment + ion
    The instructor forgot to mention that the class was cancelled.


    min
    minor (adjective): lesser, less important
    min + or
    The knife slipped and Marcelle received a minor cut.
    minute (adjective, noun): tiny, very small; sixty seconds
    min + ute
    Even though the speck of dirt on the camera lens was minute, it ruined the photograph.
    Terry will be finished in one minute.
    minuscule (adjective): very small
    minusc + ule
    The minuscule gem was very hard to see without magnifying glasses.


    mit, miss
    admit (verb): to accept, to confess, to allow entry
    ad + mit
    I must admit that even though you didn't like the movie I did.
    missive (noun): a letter to be sent
    miss + ive
    Missives were more common one hundred years ago. Today, people use the telephone.


    mob, mov, mot
    remove (verb): to take off or to take away
    re + move
    The waiter removed the dirty dishes from the table.
    mobile (adjective): able to move
    mob + ile
    Many people drive their mobile homes from North to South, following the warm weather.
    motion (noun): act of moving, action
    mot + ion
    Many people find the motion of a rocking chair soothing.


    N

    nasc, nat, gnant, nai
    native (adjective): belonging to a place by birth, indigenous
    nat +ive
    Turkeys are native to North America.
    nascent (adjective): just born
    nasc + ent
    The nascent kittens curled up with their mother.
    pregnant (adjective): having a child developing in the womb, "with child"
    pre + gn +ent
    Linda's dog is pregnant and it will have its puppies in November.
    naive (adjective): lack of experience, not knowledgeable of the world
    nai + ve
    When Olivia went to New York ten year's ago she was naive, but now she is a well-seasoned traveler.


    nom
    nominate (verb): to name for office
    nomin + ate
    Vittorio nominated Mary for class president.
    synonym (noun): a word with a similar meaning to another word in the same language
    syn + onym
    The word "fair" is a synonym for the word "just."


    nov
    novelty (noun): something new
    novel + ty
    After six months the novelty of Pierre's new car is starting to wear off.
    novice (noun): a newcomer, a beginner, someone new to something
    nov + ice
    Bjorn is a novice when it comes to playing poker or other card games.


    O

    oper
    operate (verb): to work, to perform
    oper + ate
    People are advised not to operate heavy machinery after drinking alcohol.
    opus (noun): a musical composition
    opus
    Vivaldi's opus number three is not as well known as is other compositions.




    P

    pat
    patient (adjective, noun): calm, bearing pain without complaint; a person under medical care
    pati + ent
    Josiah was patient as he waited in line for concert tickets.
    Amelia has been a patient of Dr. Gustaf's for ten years.
    passion (noun): a strong feeling or emotion
    pass + ion
    Barbara has a passion for motorcycle racing.
    sympathy (noun): sharing another person's feelings, the ability to feel for another person's suffering
    sym + path + y
    Ching-wei expressed his deepest sympathy when hearing of Mrs. Martin's death.
    pathology (noun): the study of diseases
    patho + log + y
    Blaise is studying pathology because he wants to learn about diseases.


    ped
    impede (verb): to hinder, to slow down
    im + pede
    The shackles and chains impeded the prisoner's escape.
    pedestal (noun): a support for a column or other structure, a base for something
    pedest + al
    Johannes put the vase on a pedestal.
    pedestrian (noun): a person walking
    pedestr + ian
    As soon as the cars stopped, the pedestrians crossed the street.


    pod
    podium (noun): a platform, an area raised above the surrounding ground, a place at which to speak in front of an audience
    pod + ium
    The professor walked up to the podium and spoke into the microphone.


    pel
    repel (verb): to drive away or push back
    re + pel
    Does Margo's new jacket repel water?
    pulse (noun): the regular action of blood through arteries
    pulse
    The nurse felt for the patient's pulse in his neck.


    pend, pond
    suspend (noun): to hang from, to interrupt, to stop
    sus + pend
    The light was turned on by a string suspended from the light fixture.
    ponder (verb): to think about, to weigh in one's mind
    pond + er
    Levi pondered the possibility of going to medical school.


    phan, fan
    phantom (noun): something seen but having no physical existence, a ghost.
    phan + tom
    The children told horror stories about phantoms and ghosts.
    fantasy (noun): a creation of the imagination that cannot be real, a daydream
    fantas + y
    When Miguel was a child he had a fantasy about being a doctor on the planet Jupiter.


    phil
    philosopher (noun): a person who seeks (loves) wisdom
    philo+ soph + er
    Plato wrote about the Greek philosopher Socrates.


    phon
    phonetic (adjective) relating to speech sounds
    phonet + ic
    The phonetic alphabet is useful when studying languages or linguistics.


    pict
    depict (verb): to portray, to represent
    de + pict
    In the movie the character was depicted as evil.


    port
    import (verb): to bring in from a foreign country
    im + port
    Fyodor imports caviar and other products from Russia.
    portage (noun) the labor of carrying boats across land
    port + age
    Bill said that he had a five mile portage on his last canoe trip.


    pli, ply
    reply (verb, noun): to respond, to answer; a response
    re + ply
    Did Marco reply to Emily's invitation?
    Lynn received a negative reply from her parents and she will not be going to the party.
    implicate (verb): to involve, to incriminate
    im + plic + ate
    The thief was implicated in three burglaries.
    ply (noun): a layer
    ply
    Two ply tissue paper is stronger than one ply.


    pon, pos
    position (noun): a place occupied by something
    posit + ion
    What position does Ian hold at his mother's company?
    postpone (verb): to put off to a later time
    post + pone
    The baseball game was postponed because of the storm.
    posture (noun) the position of a body
    post + ure
    Denise has terrific posture -- her back is straight and strong.


    psych
    psychology (noun): study of how the mind works
    psycho + log + y
    Lynette studies psychology because she is interested in how people think and feel.

  4. #4
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    Ynt: Toefl Vocabulary

    Q

    quir
    inquire (verb): to ask about
    in + quire
    Debbie inquired about employment opportunities at the factory.
    exquisite (adjective): carefully selected, marked by beauty
    ex + quis + ite
    Everyone noticed the exquisite diamond Toni was wearing.
    quest (noun): a search, the act of seeking
    quest
    At four in the morning Quincy went out on a quest for ice cream.
    query (verb, noun): to ask questions, a question
    query
    The lawyer queried the witness.
    I have a query about the origins of the English language.



    R

    rupt
    corrupt (verb, adjective): to change from good to bad
    cor + rupt
    The politician was corrupted by power and money.
    The corrupt judge was arrested for accepting a bribe.
    rupture (verb): to break or burst
    rupt + ure
    The water bed ruptured and the water flowed onto the floor.
    interrupt (verb): to stop, to break in (usually with questions)
    inter + rupt
    It's impolite to interrupt someone while they are speaking.

    S

    sci
    conscious (adjective): aware, having knowledge of oneself
    con + sci + ous
    Gerturde was conscious of everything even though she appeared asleep.
    science (noun): a system of knowledge
    sci + ence
    Claire enjoys science, especially biology.


    scrib, scrip
    scribble (verb): to write quickly or carelessly
    scribb + le
    He scribbled a note in his notebook.
    script (noun): handwriting, something written
    script
    Sometimes her script is hard to read.
    describe (verb): to say what something is like
    de + scribe
    The scientist described his experiment to the class.


    sent, sens
    sensation (noun): ability to feel due to stimulation
    sens + at + ion
    Jamal felt a tingling sensation in his arm after he hit his elbow on the table.
    sentimental (adjective): marked by feeling or emotion
    senti + ment +al
    Lauren has a sentimental attachment to that quilt because her great grandmother made it.


    sequ
    sequence (noun): a continuous series
    sequ + ence
    The sequence of events were as follows: first we had dinner, then we went to the movies, and then we went fo ice cream.
    consecutive (adjective): following in an unbroken order
    con + secut + ive
    Terri was elected team captain three consecutive years in a row.
    ensue (verb): to happen afterward
    en + sue
    After a disagreement in the restaurant, a fight ensued in the parking lot.


    soci
    society (noun): community, the relationship among individuals living or working in a common area, companionship
    societ + y
    Sometimes what is best for a society is not always good for an individual living in that society.


    sol
    solitary (adjective): being alone
    solit + ary
    There was a solitary bather on the beach.
    isolate (verb): to separate from others, to place something by itself
    i + sol + ate
    The sick cat was isolated from the other animals.


    solv, solu
    solve (verb): to find an answer
    solve
    The professor asked the student to solve the problem and show her answer on the board.
    absolute (adjective): complete, unrestricted, perfect
    ab + sol + ute
    The babysitter has absolute authority over the children while their parents are away.
    soluble (adjective): able to disperse in liquid
    sol + uble
    Sugar is soluble in water.


    spec, spi
    spectator (noun): a person who watches or observes
    spect + at + or
    There were over a thousand spectators at the local baseball game.
    despise (verb): to hate, tolook down on
    de + spise
    Marguerite despises people who are cruel to animals.
    auspicicious (adjective): favorable
    au + spicic + ious
    The thousand dollar donation made for an auspicious beginning.
    espionage (noun): using spies or observers
    e + spion + age
    Espionage is often depicted in mystery movies and novels.


    spir
    respiration (noun): breathing
    re + spir + at + ion
    Respiration becomes increasingly difficult the higher one climbs.
    inspire (verb): to stimulate, to fill with a feeling or desire
    in + spire
    Students are often inspired by their teachers.


    stab, stat
    stature (noun): height of a body, importance of position
    stat + ure
    I'm reluctant to say she was short, but she was of rather small stature.
    establish (verb): to found, to start, to make firm
    e + stabl + ish
    Southampton College was established in 1963.
    stance (noun): a way of standing, a position, an attitude
    sta + nce
    A person's stance is very important in the games of golf and baseball.


    strain, strict
    restrain (verb): to hold back, to prevent from doing
    re + strain
    The dog was restrained by the trainer's grip on its leash.
    constrict (verb): to squeeze, to make narrow
    con + strict
    Marvin felt constricted by the suit and tie he wore to the meeting.
    stringent (adjective): strict, tight, severe
    string + ent
    There are stringent rules and regulations one must follow when operating a child care center.
    prestige (noun): respect for a person or a thing
    pre + stige
    There is a lot of prestige associated with occupying a political position.


    stru, stroy
    destroy (verb): to ruin, to pull down
    de + stroy
    The house was destroyed by the fire.
    misconstrue (verb): to interpret, analyse, or understand something incorrectly; misunderstand
    mis + con + strue
    Do not misconstrue his actions to mean he likes you -- being pleasant to customers is part of his job.
    obstruct (verb): to block, prevent, hinder
    ob + struct
    The fallen tree obstructed the roadway and blocked traffic for hours.


    T

    tact, tang
    tactilely (adverb): related to the sense of touch
    tact + ile + + ly
    Some people are tactilely oriented while others are visually oriented.
    tangible (adjective): able to be perceived by touch, physically real
    tang + ible
    Many people want tangible proof of something before they believe it to be true.
    contiguous (adjective): touching, next in a sequence
    con + tig + uous
    The United States has forty-eight contiguous states.
    contingent (adjective): possible, dependent on something else
    con + ting + ent
    Armand's move to a new apartment is contingent on his getting a raise.


    tend, tens
    extensive (adjective): large in area, wide
    ex + tens + ive
    There are extensive farm fields located in the plain states.
    contend (verb): to strive or reach for, to argue
    con + tend
    The two fighters contended for the heavy-weight championship title.


    tain, ten
    retain (verb): to keep, to hold in place
    re + tain
    Blanche retained her Alaskan residence since she will return there when she is finished with school.
    continue (verb): to keep going, to remain
    con + tin + ue
    The movie is scheduled to continue until midnight.
    content (noun, adjective): something contained, held; satisfied
    con + tent
    I can't tell what the content of this can is until I open it.
    tenacious (adjective): holding or sticking to something
    ten + ac + ious
    Kareem is tenacious and he will stick with a subject until he understands it.


    term
    exterminate (verb): to kill off, to get rid of
    ex + term + in + ate
    The Schaeffer's hired a company to exterminate the cockroaches living in their house.
    terminal (adjective): relating to an end
    term + in + al
    Margot has been diagnosed with a terminal disease and has been given only six months to live.


    terr
    territory (noun): area of land
    territ + ory
    This area is considered to be Canadian territory.
    terrain (noun): the physical features of an area
    terr + ain
    There is some very rough terrain in the White Mountain area of New Hampshire.


    test
    attest (verb): to provide proof, to say something is true
    at + test
    Malcolm can attest to Shiela's honesty since he has known her for ten years.
    testify (verb): to make a statement based on personal knowledge
    test ify
    The witness testified at the trial.


    therm
    thermometer (noun) a device for measuring heat
    thermo + meter
    I took my temperature with a thermometer.
    thermal (adjective): relating to the presence of heat
    therm + al
    Lisa bought some thermal underwear to take with her when she goes skiing.


    tor
    torment (noun, verb): agony, pain; to cause recurring pain
    tor + ment
    The torment Jean's nightmares caused made him seek professional help.
    The guards tormented the prisoners.
    torsion (noun): twisting of a body or an organ by an external force along an axis
    tors + ion
    The torsion of the bolt will help release the wheel.
    contort (verb): to twist into an abnormal shape
    con + tort
    The actor contorted her face into an evil grin and scared the audience.


    tract, trai
    attract (verb): to draw toward, to arouse interest
    at + tract
    The spilled sugar attracted flies and ants.
    train (verb): to teach or to cause to do something
    train
    Yvette trained her dog to perform tricks.
    treaty (noun): a formal agreement
    treat + y
    The rebels and the new government signed a treaty calling for peace.


    U

    uni
    unite (verb) to make one, to join together
    unite
    The two small companies united and became one large business.
    unison (noun): at the same time, at the same pitch
    uni + son
    The two singers sang in unison.


    V

    vac
    vacant (adjective): empty, not occupied, free
    vac + ant
    The hotel has only one vacant room left.
    vacuum (noun): empty space, isolation from outside influence
    vacu + um
    Some people seem to live in a vacuum and they have no knowledge of current events.


    ven, vent
    convene (verb): to assemble, to come together
    con + vene
    The meeting convened at 2:00 p.m. and lasted until 5:00 p.m.
    invent (verb): to create through thought or imagination
    in + vent
    Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone and other devices.
    prevent (verb): to act ahead of, to keep from happening
    pre + vent
    Lamont prevented a disastrous fire by calling the fire department the moment he smelled smoke.


    ver
    verify (verb): to confirm that something is true
    ver + ify
    The police officer verified Arthur's identity by asking for his driver's license.
    veracity (noun): truthfulness, accuracy
    ver + ac + ity
    Daphne is known for her veracity and honesty.


    verb, verv
    verbalize (verb): to express in words, to put into words
    verb + al + ize
    Sometimes it is difficult to verbalize one's feelings.
    verve (noun): enthusiasm
    verve
    The cheerleaders showed verve and school spirit at the football game.


    vers, vert:
    versatile (adjective): capable of changing or adapting, useful
    vers + at + ile
    When used correctly, a computer can be a versatile tool.
    revert (verb): to go back, to return (to an original state)
    re + vert
    The land slowly reverted to a wild state after it was abandoned.


    vid, vis
    video (noun): television or recorded movies
    vid + eo
    Patricia rented a video and watched it on her television.
    review (verb): to look at again, to re-examine
    re + view
    Marsha reviewed for the test by re-reading her class notes.
    visible (adjective): able to be seen
    vis + ible
    Sometimes the moon is visible during the day.
    indivisible (adjective, noun): cannot be separated
    in + di + vis + ible
    The Pledge of Allegiance mentions that the United States is an indivisible nation.


    vit, viv
    vital (adjective): necessary for life
    vit + al
    The cancer had not yet spread to her vital organs and she was given an excellent chance for a full recovery.
    revive (verb): to return to life
    re + vive
    After spending a day in the sun, I was revived by a glass of water.


    voc, voke
    vocal (adjective): uttered by the voice, producing sound
    voc + al
    Parrots are known to be very vocal birds.
    revoke (verb): to call back, to withdraw
    re + voke
    Karl's license was revoked because he was caught driving 20 miles over the speed limit.


    volv, vol
    revolve (verb): to turn around
    re + volve
    The earth revolves around the sun.
    revolt (verb): to rebel, to turn against, to feel disgust
    re + volt
    It was the peasants who revolted during the French Revolution.
    Cooked carrots revolt some people.
    evolution (noun): the process by which something develops
    e + vol + ut + ion
    Darwin and other natural scientists have developed theories of evolution.

    ALINTI.

  5. #5
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    Ynt: Toefl Vocabulary

    toeflda çikan kelimeleri içeren bi kaynak hala bulamadim.online bi kaynak yani.
    var mi bildiginiz?yukardakilerin dişinda?

  6. #6
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    Ynt: Toefl Vocabulary

    Selam,
    Toefl da çıkan kelimelerin olduğu bir kaynağa rastlamadım fakat aşağıdaki adresler hazırlık aşamanda sana yardımcı olacaktır.

    www.toeflnet.com
    www.testyourenglish.net
    www.qenglish.com

    Bol şans.

  7. #7
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    Ynt: Toefl Vocabulary

    paylaşım için teşekkürler zeynepozhan. diğer ikisine bakmadım ancak toeflnet. de eski sistem toefl la ilgili bilgiler var ve genel içerikde o şekilde. tekrar teşekkürler

  8. #8
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    Ynt: Toefl Vocabulary

    linkler için tesekkurler.
    toefl.net'te kelimeler kısmı aylardır hatalı(toefl'da çikan kelimeler kısmı).sayfa açilmiyor.
    diğer 2 linkte bişeyler bulabildim.
    tekrar tesekkurler paylaşim için

  9. #9
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    Ynt: Toefl Vocabulary

    Rica ederim. Kelime bazında bakılacak olursa phrasal verb lere bakmanızı öneririm. işinize yarayacaktır. Bunun için ;

    www.englishpage.com

    Not: Listening için şunu söylemek isterim ki; sınavda cambridge cd sindekinden daha hızlı bir anlatımları oluyor. Konuşmalar gayet hızlı.

    İyi çalışmalar.


  10. #10
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    paylaşım için teşekkürler zeynepozhan

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