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Konu: Roots

  1. #1
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    The following is a list of roots for English vocabulary. The list is displayed so that the root with its definition is shown first, then the source of the root (Latin, Greek, etc.) with the source word's definition, and then last is an example of the root as used in a word and the word's definition. The sample words are linked to additional words with the same root.


    act, ag: do, act, drive
    Latin, agere: to drive, lead, act, do
    active (adjective): moving about
    am, ami: love, like
    Latin, amare: to love
    amorous (adjective): loving
    anim: mind, life, spirit, anger
    Latin, animus: spirit
    animal (noun): a living creature
    annu, enni: yearly
    Latin, annuus: yearly
    annual (adjective): yearly
    auc, aug, aut: to originate, to increase
    Latin, augere: to originate, increase
    augment (verb): to increase, to add to
    aud, audit, aur: hear
    Latin, audire: to hear
    audible (adjective): can be heard

    bene, ben: good, well, gentle
    Latin, bene: good
    benign (adjective): harmless, mild, gentle
    bio, bi: life
    Greek, bios: life
    biography (noun): a book written about a person's life
    bibli, biblio: book
    Greek, biblion: book
    bibliophile (noun): a person who likes or collects books
    brev: short
    Latin, brevis: short
    abbreviate (verb): to shorten

    cad, cap, cas, ceiv, cept, cid: to take, to seize, to hold
    Latin, capere: to seize
    receive (verb): to take in, to acquire
    ceas, cede, ceed, cess: go, yield
    Latin, cedere: to go
    exceed (verb): to go beyond a limit, to be greater than
    chron: time
    Greek, khronos: time
    chronological (adjective): arranged in order of time or sequence
    clam, claim: shout
    Latin, clamare: to call out, shout
    clamor (verb): to make noise
    cogn, gnos: know to know
    Latin, cognoscere: to know
    recognize (verb): to know, to identify
    corp: body
    Latin, corpus: body
    corporate (adjective): formed into a body or association, united in one group
    cre, cresc, cret: grow
    Latin, crescere: to grow
    create (verb): to originate, to produce through imagination
    cred: trust, believe
    Latin, credere: to believe
    incredible (adjective): unbelievable
    cour, cur, curr, curs: run, course
    Latin, currere: run
    occur (verb): to happen, to come to mind

    dic, dict, dit: say, speak
    Latin, dicere: to say
    indicate (verb): to show, to point out
    doc, doct: teach, prove
    Latin, docere: to teach
    docile (adjective): obedient, easily taught
    dog, dox: thought, idea
    Greek, dokein: seem, think
    dogma (noun): an established opinion
    dec, dign: suitable
    Latin, decere: to be suitable
    decent (adjective): conforming to standards, suitable, good
    duc, duct**: lead
    Latin, ducere: to draw or lead
    conduct (verb): to lead or guide
    (noun) - a person's behavior
    ** ducere is one of the most prolific sources of English words

    ev, et: time, age
    Latin, aevum: lifetime
    medieval (adjective): related to the Middle Ages (500 - 1500 AD)

    fac, fact, fec, fic, fas, fea: make do, do
    Latin, facere - make, do
    difficult (noun): hard to do, troublesome
    fer: bear, carry
    Latin, ferre: bear, carry
    infer (verb): to come to a conclusion from looking at facts, to guess
    fict, feign, fain: shape, make, fashion
    Latin, fingere: shape, make
    fiction (noun): something produced from imagination, an invented story
    fid: belief, faith
    Latin, fidere: to trust
    confide (verb): to trust, to trust another person with a secret
    fig: shape, form
    Latin, figura: form, shape, figure
    figurem (noun): shape, pattern, drawing
    (verb) - decide, plan, decipher
    flu, fluct, flux: flow
    Latin, fluere: to flow
    fluid (adjective): capable of flowing, a smooth easy style
    (noun) - a liquid
    form: shape
    Latin, forma: beauty, shape, form
    format (noun): the shape and size of something
    fract, frag, frai: break
    Latin, frangere: to break
    frail (adjective): easily broken, not strong, weak

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    Ynt: Roots

    gen, gin: to give birth, kind
    Greek, genus: birth
    generate (verb): to produce, to create
    geo: earth
    Greek, ge: earth
    geography (noun): a science that describes the earth's surface
    gor: to gather, to bring together
    Greek, ageirin: to gather
    category (noun): a class or set in which a thing is placed
    grad, gress, gree: step, go, move
    Latin, gradus: step
    degree (noun): a step or stage in a process
    graph, graf: write, draw
    Greek, graphein: write, scratch, carve
    graphic (adjective): written, drawn, vividly shown

    her, hes: to stick
    Latin, haerere: to stick
    adhere (verb): to stick

    jac, ject, jet: to throw
    Latin, jacere: to throw, to lie
    reject (verb): to throw out, unwilling to accept
    jug, junct, just: to join
    Latin, jungere: to join
    junction (noun): a place at which two things join

    lex, leag, leg: law
    Latin, lex: law
    legal (adjective): based on law
    lect, leg, lig: choose, gather, select, read
    Latin, legere: to choose
    collect (verb): to gather, to bring together
    loc: place, area
    Latin, locare: to place
    location (noun): a place, a position occupied
    log: say, speech, word, reason, study
    Greek, logos: speech, word, reason
    logic (noun): the study of reason, reasoning
    luc, lum, lust: light
    Latin, lucare: shine
    Latin, lumen: light
    Latin, lustrare: light-up
    translucent (adjective): permitting some light to come through

    man: hand, make, do
    Latin, manus: hand
    manage (verb): to handle with skill, to be able to do
    mem: recall, remember
    Latin, memor: mindful
    memory (noun): the ability to recall or to bring to mind
    ment: mind
    Latin, mens: mind
    mental (adjective): related to the mind
    min: little, small
    Latin, minuere: to lessen
    minor (adjective): less important, lesser
    mit, miss: send
    Latin, mittere: put, send
    admit (verb): to accept, to allow entry
    mob, mov, mot: move
    Latin, movere: move
    motion (noun): act of moving, action

    nasc, nat, gnant, nai: to be born
    Latin, nasci to be born
    nascent (adjective) - just born
    nom, nym: name
    Latin, nomen: name
    nominate (verb): to name for office
    nov: new
    latin, novus: new
    novice (noun): a beginner or newcomer

    oper: work
    Latin, opus: work
    operate (verb): to work, to perform

    pat, pass: feel, suffer
    Latin, pati: suffer
    passion (noun): a strong feeling or emotion
    path: feel
    Greek, pathos: feeling
    sympathy (noun): sharing another person's feelings
    ped: foot
    Latin, pes: foot
    impede (verb): to hinder, to slow down
    pod: foot
    Greek, pous: foot
    podium (noun): a platform, an area raised above the surrounding ground
    pel, puls: drive, push
    Latin, pellere: to drive, push, beat
    repel (verb): to drive away or push back
    pend, pond: to hang, weigh
    Latin, pendere: to hang, to weigh
    append (verb): to add or correct
    phan, phas, phen, fan, phant, fant: show, make visible
    Greek, phainein: show
    phantom (noun): something seen but having no physical existence, a ghost
    phil: love
    Greek, philos: loving
    philosopher (noun): a person who seeks (loves) wisdom
    phon: sound
    Greek, phone: voice, sound
    phonetic (adjective): related to speech sounds
    pict: paint, show, draw
    Latin, pingere: to paint
    picture (verb): to paint or draw
    port: carry
    Latin, portare: carry
    import (verb): to bring in from a foreign country
    pli, ply: fold
    Latin, plicare: fold
    reply (verb): to respond, to answer
    pon, pos: put, place
    Latin, ponere: to lay down, put, place
    postpone (verb): to put off to a later time
    psych: mind
    Greek, psukhe: soul, spirit
    psychology (noun): study of how the mind works

    quir, quis, quest, quer: seek, ask
    Latin, quaerere: seek, ask
    query (verb): to ask questions

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    Ynt: Roots

    rupt: break
    Latin, rumpere: break
    rupture (verb): to break or burst

    sci, scio: to know
    Latin, scire: to know
    conscious (adjective): aware, having knowledge of oneself
    scrib, scrip: write
    Latin, scribere: to write
    script (noun): handwriting, something written
    sent, sens: feel, think
    Latin, sentire: feel
    sentiment (noun): a thought prompted by feeling
    sequ, secut, sue: follow
    Latin, sequi: to follow
    sequence (noun): a continuous series
    sist: to withstand, make up
    Latin, sistere: to make a stand
    insist (verb): to be firm about something needed, to demand
    soci: to join, companions
    Latin, sociare, socius: to join, a companion
    sociable (adjective): inclined to seek friendship, companionship
    sol: alone
    Latin, solus: alone, single
    solitary (adjective): being alone
    solv, solu, solut: loosen, explain
    Latin, solvere: too loosen, release
    solve (verb): to find an answer
    spec, spi, spic, spect: look
    Latin, specere: look, look at
    spectator (noun): a person who watches
    spir: breath, soul
    Latin, spirare: breathe
    respiration (noun): breathing
    stab, stat: stand
    Latin, stare: to stand
    stature (noun) - height of a standing body, importance of position
    strain, strict, string, stige: bind, pull
    Latin, stringere: to bind or pull tight
    constrict (verb) - to squeeze, to make narrow
    stru, struct, stroy: build
    Latin, struere: to build
    destroy (verb): to ruin, to pull down

    tact, tang, tig, ting: touch
    Latin, tangere: to touch
    tactile (adjective): related to the sense of touch
    tele: far away
    Greek, telos: end
    telepathy (noun): communication from one mind to another without verbal or written communication
    tend, tens: stretch
    Latin, tendere: to stretch
    contend (verb): to strive or reach for, to argue
    tain, ten, tent, tin: hold, keep, have
    Latin, tenere: to hold
    retain (verb): to keep, to hold in place
    term: end, boundary, limit
    Latin, terminusm: limit, boundary
    exterminate (verb): to kill off, to get rid of
    terr: earth
    Latin, terra: earth
    territory (noun): area of land
    test: see, witness
    Latin, testis: witness
    attest (verb): to provide proof, to say something is true
    therm: heat
    Greek, therme: heat
    thermometer (noun): a device for measuring heat
    tor, tors, tort: twist
    Latin, torquere: twist
    torsion (noun): twisting of the body
    tract, trai, treat: pull, draw
    Latin, trahere: pull
    attract (verb): to draw toward, to arouse interest

    uni: one
    Latin, unus: one
    unite (verb): to make one, to join together

    vac: empty
    Latin, vacare: to be empty
    vacant (adjective): empty, not occupied
    ven, vent: come
    Latin, venire: to come
    convene (verb): to assemble, to come together
    ver: true
    Latin, venus: true
    verify (verb): to confirm that something is true
    verb, verv: word
    Latin, verbum: word
    verbalize (verb): to express in words, to put into words
    vers, vert: turn,change
    Latin, versare: to turn
    versatile (adjective): capable of changing or adapting, useful
    vid, vie, vis: see
    Latin, videre: to see; Latin, videre: to separate
    visible (adjective): able to be seen
    divide (verb): to separate
    vit, viv: live
    Latin, vivere: to live
    vital (adjective) - necessary for life
    voc, voke: call
    Latin, vocare: call, voice
    vocal (adjective): spoken or uttered by the voice
    volv, volt, vol: roll, turn
    Latin, volvere: to roll, turn
    revolve (verb): to turn around


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